The traditional model of problem-solving is a deficit-based, four-step process best suited to processes and things:
- Identify the problem: what’s needed?
- Analyze the cause: what’s wrong here?
- Brainstorm solutions: how can we fix it?
- Action plan: problem solved!
A more positive, constructionist-based approach is one in which perceptions, beliefs and feelings are emphasized: Dream, Discover, Determine